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Predictive Self-care Behaviors of Influenza Based On Protection Motivation Theory in Zahedan University of Medical Sciences Students

Masoudy GH, Tahmaseby Z, Izadirad H, Okatialiabad H, Mani Javadimehr


Background:  Influenza is a main respiratory tract infection; sever public health disorder and a highly contagious disease that causes a weighty burden of death and morbidity in the community.The aim of  this study was the  study of Predictive Self-care behaviors of influenza based on protection Motivation theory in students.

Materials and methods This study was a cross- sectional descriptive survey that conducted on dormitory students of Zahedan university of medical sciences.

At first, 8 blocks of Zahedan University dormitories were selected by a cluster sampling method and then 123 boys and girl’s students that lived in such selected dormitories via simple randomized method were studied. Data collecting tool was a dichotomous and self-administered questionnaire. And P-value ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.

 Results : 31% of participants suffered previously from of a severe influenza and also 6.6% of them were hospitalized . only 60% and 30.65 of the subjects had a satisfactory level of knowledge and practice regarding to preventive behaviors of influenza. Among the protective behaviors and rewards and protective behaviors and response cost was a negative and significant association. among the structures of protection motivation theory,  protection motivation and self-efficacy predicted 20% of the variances of protective behaviors against the influenza among the students.  

Conclusion: This finding indicated that health education programs should design based on protection motivation and self-efficacy.

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