Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Cover Image

The Role of Sufism in Reducing Terrorism & Extremism (A study of the Teachings of Khawaja Ghulam Fareed and Bullahy Shah)

Arshad Munir Leghari, Dr. Naseem Akhter, Dr. Muhammad Riaz Mahmood, Dr. Muhammad Iqbal, Dr. Rashida Qazi, Muhammad Irfan Ahmad

Abstract


The determination of the Mystic (Sufi) is to the effort towards unity. The main purpose of Sufi is to bring humanity, separated as it is into so many different units, closer together in the deeper understanding of life. Their mission is to bring about brotherhood among races, nations and faiths and to respect one another's faith, scripture and teacher. Sufi is to confer sympathy on these lives, to impart love, compassion and kindheartedness on all creations. Pakistan who came into being in the name of Islam unfortunately, have linked with terrorism. It is a disgrace that in the contemporary day Pakistan, mullahism and the recent cancer of talibanisation are gradually eating into what had kept us integral as a society. This paper deals with the poetry of Khawaja Ghulam Fareed and Baba Bullahy Shah, two famous Sufis of the sub-continent, who are the advocates of love and harmony and always avoid conflicts. It explores how their poetry played a vital part in shaping a tolerant and unbiased society. The material for the research are collected from different libraries, newspapers and websites. The statistics are gained from the South Asia terrorism portal (SATP) that is an indispensable resource to seek information, data, critical assessment and analysis on terrorism in South Asia. The table 1 and 2 shows the number of mortalities, which was happened due to terrorism in Pakistan from 2003 to 2016. The main reasons are behind it poverty, lack of awareness about Islamic teachings, intolerance, sectarianism, extremism, lawlessness of the society etc. The key treatment and therapy of the above-mentioned illnesses exist in the massages of Sufism. In short, the message of love is conveyed through the poetries in this paper to maintain peace and harmony in society which is dire need in contemporary time.


Keywords


Baba Bulleh Shah, Extremism, Khawja Ghulam Fareed, Mysticism, Pakistan, Terrorism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adam Butt. (2009). “Fareed, Nanak, Bullah: life and poetry”. Lahore: Publisher Nigarshat.

Akhtar, Khawaja Abadullah. (1951). Elm e Tasawuf. Lahore: Idara Saqafat e Islamia.

Al-Hijweri, Usman bin Ali, Data Ganj Bakhsh. (1999). Kashful Mahjub. Lahore: Al-Faisal Nashran.

Barkat, sami Ullah. (2009). Kalam Hazrat baba Bullah Shah. Okara: Karma wala book shop.

C.F Usborne, R.K Lajwanti & A.Rauf Luther. (1982). Bullah Shah. Lahore: Abdul Muali Printers.

Chopra, Ravindra Mohan. (1999) .Great Sufi Poets of the Punjab. Calcutta: Iran Society.

C. Shackle. (2008). The teaching of Khawja Farid. Multan, Punjab: Bazm e Shafqat.

Cost of war on terror for Pakistan Economy, Pakistan Economic Survey 2010-11, retrieved on 23-07-11, http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapter_11/Special%20Section_1.pdf

Embassy of Pakistan Economic Division, Impact of “Campaign against Terrorism” On Pakistan’s Economy http://www.embassyofpakistanusa.org/forms/FY2011-Cost%20of%20Campaign%20Against%20Terrorism.pdf),retrieved on 03-12-2013

Gilani, Syed Mabool Hassan. (2013). Impacts of Sufic poetry in sub-continent: An analytical study, oriental college magazine. Lahore: University of the Punjab. Volume:88. N0:4. pp- 107-118

Gilani, Syed Khursheed. (1981). Rooh e Tasawuf. Lahore: Fareed Bookstall.

Halliday, Fred. (2003). Islam and the Myth of Confrontation: Religion and Politics in the Middle East. New York: I.B. Tauris.

Hashmi, Prof. Hameed Ullah. (2001). “You are my divine love: Explanation Khawaja

Ghulam Fareed”. Lahore: Maktaba Daniyal.

Ibid: Poem No.268.

Ibn e Jaozi, Hafiz Abul Farj Abdur Rehman. (1962). Gumrah Sufi. translated by Maleeh Abadi. Calcutta: Hind Press.

J.R. Puri and T.R. Shangari. (2011). The Life of Bulleh Shah, retrieved on 23-10-2011 from http://www.apnaorg.com/poetry/bullahn/.

Al-Muttaqi, Allama Alawdin Ali bin Husam ud Deen. (2008). Kanz ul Ummal fi sunan al aqwal wal Afaal, Darul ishaat, Karachi, Chapter, Zakat, Hadith No: 16170, 604/ 6.For more details see: Khatib Tabreezi. (1995). Mishkat ul Masaabeh, Chapter, Alshafqat wl Rahmat alal Khalq, Hadis No:4999. Lahore: Darul Sunna.

Khawaja Farid, A Mystic and Spiritual Poet. Retrieved on 29-08-2011 http://www.pakpost.gov.pk/philately/stamps2001/khawaja_farid.html

Lewis, Bernard. (2008). Islam: The Religion and the People. Pearson Prentice Hall; 1st edition. ISBN-10: 0132230852, ISBN-13: 978-0132230858. p-53.

Koreeja, Tahir Mehmood, Khawaja. (2002). Deevan-e-Khawaja fareed. Lahore: Al- Faisal Nashraan. pp-243.

Martin Lings. (1983). what is Sufism. Translated by Chaudhary SafdarAli. Faisalabad: Irfan Academy (Pakistan).

Najeeba Arif. (2009). Humanism, Islam and Mysticism, oriental college magazine. Lahore: University of the Punjab.Volume: 84. N0:2. pp- 25-35.

Nasr, Syed Hossein, Dr. (2005). Living Sufism, Lahore. Sohail academy: p.10.

Naveed Shahzad, Dr. (2014). Khawaja Ghulam fareed ky sufiyana nazriyat. Oriental College Magazine PU. Volume 89. No: 3. pp-175-184.

Punjabi, Irshad Ahmad. (1982). Thinking of Bullah Shah. Lahore: Punjabi Literature.

Saleem Akhtar. (2010). Teray Ishq Nachaya, (Selection from Baba Bullah Shah Poetry).Lahore: Book Home.

Shadili, Abdul Qadir Isa. Tasawuf kay raoshan haqaiq. translated by M. Akram Al-Azhari. Lahore: Zawiya traders. pp-45.

South AsiaTerrorism Portal www.satp.org retrieved on 27-08-2016.

Sufi Poetry, Meda ishq vi toon, http://sufipoetry.wordpress.com/2009/11/03/meda-ishq-vi-toon/, retrieved on 05-01-2012.

Tahir Tausnvi, Dr.(2001). Farmoodat e Farid. Multan: Saraiki Adbi Board. pp.141.

War on Terror: http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2011-05-25/news/29581716_1_war-terror-coalition-support-fund, retrieved on 08-10-2011.

William Stoddert. (1981). Sufism, the mystical doctrines and methods of Islam. Lahore: Suhail Academy.

Zaruq Ahmad, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa. (1988). The Principles of Sufism: An annotated translation with introduction, A PhD thesis by zaineb istrabadi S, Principle # 13,page,78,USA: Indiana University.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.