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Empirical Analysis of Agricultural Production in Rural Communities

Adama Ibrahim Joseph, Asaleye Abiola John, Oye Adeniyi Joseph, Ogunjobi Olufemi Joseph

Abstract


Objective: It is envisaged that development of agriculture will promote pro-poor growth. Most studies have focused on the economic factors, this study examined the implication of the neoclassical theory and socioeconomic model of labor market on agricultural output in rural communities of Nigeria. Materials and Method: The analyses were carried out in two models using descriptive statistics and least square estimation technique. The first model was specified for four major crops, namely: cassava, maize, yam and rice, the second model was the extended form on the aggregated output. Result: Evidence from both the first and extended form models showed that the socioeconomic factors are important as the economic factors to promote agricultural output in the rural area. In the first model, capital, fertilizer, and chemicals were insignificant while family labor, hired labor and family size are significant. The elasticity values for all the variables are less than one. This implies that, response of outputs in the four crops to each of the variable is less responsive. The Chi-square statistics of the various crop enterprises show that all the factors are significant in explaining the response of the output of the crops to inputs in model one. The extended model showed that socioeconomic factors such as sex, age, educational, farming experience, size of farm and quantity of seedling obtained have significant effect on the aggregated output. Conclusion: Based on the findings, needs to increase access to farm inputs, extension education and financial support to rural famers among others were recommended.


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