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Water Resources in China under Global Climate Change: Sustainable Management and Challenges

Xiuqin Z, Feng W, Yahua W, Liyan Y, Xingmin M, Hongbo S

Abstract


China faces numerous challenges in managing and maximizing the use of these for its population and for the country as the whole. The typical challenge is too much water in the wet areas, leading to widespread flooding, and lack of water in the dry areas, causing drought. China is one of the most natural disaster-prone countries in East Asia, and climate change has already been observed there. Current water management practices are very likely to be inadequate to reduce the negative impacts of climate change on water-supply reliability, flood risk, health, energy and aquatic ecosystems. Even with optimal water management, it is very likely that negative impacts on sustainable development cannot be avoided. Therefore, even if a large uncertainty may be smaller impact on the decision, because multiple sources of information provide sufficient knowledge to justify action on adaptation to climate change. Climate change characterized by global warming has become one of the most important universal attention issues to scientific circles, world′s governments and social public. Impacts of climate change on water resources management is a new research direction has important academic value. The adaptive management is an effective strategy to deal with this uncertainty problem associated with addressing climate change. Future research should be based on the analysis of the uncertainty problems of water resources management in China’s river basin, work on adaptation strategies preliminarily to the impact of climate change under climate change scenarios, including mechanism and systems of adaptive management.


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