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Comparison of the risk factors for occupational exposure to sharp objects and discharge patients among internal and Surgical Wards Nurses in khoy hospitals

Soryya Zinalpoor, Shahriar Sakhaei, Hassan Ebrahimpour Sadagheyani, Hossein Motaarefi


One of the most dangerous occupational injuries is the injuries caused by the sharp objects and the secretions of the patient. Based on the research conducted on the statistical difference in occupational exposure in nurses in different wards.

AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of exposure to sharp objects and secretions of patients in surgical and internal wards of Khoy hospitals.

Materials and methods: This study was carried out on 350 nurses working in surgical and internal wards of Khoy hospitals. This study was conducted through the purposeful sampling method and using the researcher-made questionnaire containing demographic characteristics, experience of exposure to patient's secretions, time and place, and type of activity causing injury. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS software version 22.

Results: Based on the work experience and exposure, 88% of nurses with an exposure had an experience of up to 15 years. Based on the findings, the experience of exposure to sharp objects was (59.9%) and exposure to secretions was (51.5%). The results of this study indicated that, based on the type of ward's exposure, surgical and internal wards were respectively determined as (70.4%) and (29.6%) and the highest exposure was stated to be in the operating room, with (23.5%).

Conclusion: Results showed the nurses in different wards, especially operating room nurses, need education and awareness of the problems associated with needle and secretions of patients to be less exposed to occupational injuries, and the use of safety equipment is necessary to reduce the workload of nurses.

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