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The Chronicles of Narnia’ as a spiritual testament of Clive Staples Lewis (1898-1963)

L.N. Efimova, N.A. Shekhireva, L.D. Torosyan, L.V. Nesterova, E.V. Aleksandrova

Abstract


Aim/Background: The study attempts to analyze the aspects of the artistic features that are underdeveloped in the literary criticism, the genre singularity, and the problematics of one of the most significant and monumental works by Clive Staples Lewis, ‘The Chronicles of Narnia’, written in the writer’s late creative period (1950-1956). The purposes of this article are to reveal the author’s understanding of the basic Christian truths and their influence on the problems of this artistic work, to consider a fairy-tale world of Lewis and the tradition of English literary tale; the genre of fantasy as being meaningful, as well as morality issues: evangelical values are fundamental in revealing the nature of characters, their spiritual and moral evolution; at the same time, to provide domestic and foreign critics’ estimates of the writer’s novelist tendencies as the creator of a new synthetic genre within the framework of childhood reading, and to determine the place of the work in the artistic thought of the 20th century. Materials and methods: The main methods of studying these problems are the comparative method, the method of philological and philosophical analysis, the dialectical method, and the method of deduction. Results: The main result of the study is the analysis of ‘The Chronicles of Narnia’. In this work, the writer refers to categories of love, friendship, miracle, death, suffering, happiness. Conclusion: it should be emphasized that ‘The Chronicles’ represents a special synthesis of a number of genre structures: a parable, a fairy tale, fantasy. Lewis’s characters grow spiritually through overcoming temptations, fear, indifference, betrayal. 


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