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Economic and Institutional Aspects of Industry 4.0 in Poland

Rafal Wisła


Aim: The paper discusses the economic and institutional issues of Industry 4.0. The concept of Industry 4.0 is based on a totally networked and flexible production process. In an Industry 4.0. Factory, the main element of a digital supply chain is the robot.

The main objective of the research is to discuss selected economic and institutional aspects of the shift in the Polish economy to a successive stage of industrialization and economic growth in the European Union context.

Materials and methods: The collection of data used in the analysis was extracted from: the Central Statistical Office (Poland), and the International Federation of Robotics. Two research methods were used to achieve the purpose of the article: descriptive analysis of the structure, direction and dynamics of the fourth industrial revolution, and case study.

Results: Robotisation based on digitalization and advanced automation in the Polish industry is at a relatively low level, compared to other EU countries. Research pertaining to the level of automation in Polish manufacturing companies shows that only 15% of factories are fully automated, while 76% indicate partial automation.

Conclusion: Polish industry 4.0 development is slower than average compared to the rest of the world (and in Europe), at the same time, the process of robotisation is speeding up considerably. According to Rifkin’s conception (2012), Poland has not reached the industrial 4.0 revolution stage. A general comparison of German and Polish approaches demonstrates a more practical understanding of the phenomenon in Germany, and much more theoretical approach in Poland.

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