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STATISTICAL STUDY OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS AT BANDUNDU PROVINCE FROM 2008 TO 2016, IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO

İlker Etikan, Jury Bateko Ngunsia, Meliz Yuvalı

Abstract


Pulmonary Tuberculosis had been described as one of the major infectious diseases ravaging the health of most countries, especially third world nations with weak health care system. The study considered the occurrence and epidemiological profile of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in the provincial region of Bandundu of the Democratic Republic of Congo under the reviewed year of 2008 to 2016.

The epidemiological data were collected from the Bandundu tuberculosis screening and treatment (TBD) health centers of the province. The data have a total of 40, 619 pulmonary tuberculosis cases, of which the male gender accounted for 21,506 cases and female gender accounted for 19,113 cases. The data was analyzed using IBM (SPSS version 20). The statistical technique used for the analysis are factorial One-Way ANOVA and Kruska Wallis Test.

The incidence cases in the male were higher in the year 2015 with [62.50 (78.00-210.00)] with cases per 100,000 people. In terms of the female, the highest incidence cases were in the year 2016 [56.00(26.00-92.00)]. In the study, it was found that year 2010 has the highest incidence rate of about 127.70 (27.00 – 207.00) cases per 100,000 people. The year 2013 recorded the highest percentage of dead cases (5.76%) while the year 2016 recorded the highest percentage of tuberculosis cured cases (88.57%). From the analysis, it was concluded an increase in the trend of incidence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis was found during our study, though not statistically significant relative to the years under review.


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