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Effects of MycorrhIzal Applıcatıon on Growth and Flower QualIty of GIllIflower under Salt Stress

Hülya Akat

Abstract


Aim: This study aimed to investigate the impacts of mycorrhizal inoculation on growth and flower quality of gilliflower (Matthiola incana L.) under salt stress condition in greenhouse. Besides, it has been aimed to enlighten that mycorrhizal inoculation may be used as a positive strategy to increase tolerance to salt stress for cut flowers production.

Materials and method: This study was conducted between 2016 and 2017 at a greenhouse in Mugla-Turkey. Matthiola incana var. ‘Iron Apricot’ was used as plant material. The experiments were run in triplicates using two factorial random plot design. The endomycorrhizal inoculation of Glomus intraradices in the root zone of plants without NaCl and those supplied with 100 mM NaCl was done. The measurements taken included leaf number in the shoot, shoot length, shoot thickness, root length, wet and dry weights of root, number of leaves on pedicel, length and thickness of pedicel, weight of spike, length of spike, wet and dry weights of pedicel.

Result: The results suggested that salt application has lead to a decrease in all parameters to a great extent. Mycorrhiza inoculation after salt application on the other hand effects all parameters in the shoot and root growth as well as flower quality at the level of p<0.01. Moreover, such application has lead to an increase in the contents of N, Ca, Zn, Mn in the roots upto p<0.01, whereas K content upto p<0.05.

Conclusion: The datas obtained were showed that mycorrhizal inoculation increased tolerance to salt stress and put forwarded that it was improved the growth and flower quality.  


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