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Electoral laws in Iraq after 2003

Dr. Gani Zkaier Ateiah

Abstract


The modern civilized state is based on a number of contemporary democratic foundations, in which elections constitute a fundamental axis in the organization of political life according to the principle of peaceful transfer of power, the principle of the sovereignty of the people and the fact that the people are the true owner of authority. Electoral laws are of great importance in the success of the representative process and the achievement of the optimal parliamentary system in each country. The electoral laws are part of an integrated system whose purpose is to maintain the continuity of the electoral process in an orderly manner and in accordance with democratic and modern foundations. After 2003, Iraq witnessed a political and legal transformation. And through the intervention of the military, which resulted in anarchy in the process of establishing a new Iraq, this chaos cast the shadow of the overall political and legislative process in Iraq, the occupation of Iraq by foreign forces coincided with the birth of a new political system built within the framework of After the year 2003, Iraq went through the process of electing the National Assembly. After 2006, Iraq ran the elections of the First Chamber of Deputies. The second electoral process took place in 2010 and the third in 2014, and then the fourth parliament was elected in 2018. These elections were organized by a group of legislations that were weak in many places. The research is subject to the content of these legislations, with legal evaluation of each.


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