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PROPOSALS TO APPLY ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION LAWS UNDER NEW CRIMINAL LAWS

Jyan Bahil Jadaan,, Qayssar Abbas Hasan

Abstract


Awareness of environmental degradation and waste of natural resources in the early 1970s has led, at the state level, to the European Community and international more and more precise and binding. If, in the European Union, the normative arsenal seems close to exhaustiveness, the question of its effectiveness remains intact.

The search for an effective sanction of environmental rules is currently inspiring a double movement: on the part of the European authorities, a reflection on the adaptation of the traditional remedies for criminal sanction and civil liability to the particularism of risk and environmental damage; on the part of the magistrates, a desire to be involved in the implementation of this new branch of law, and international cooperation.


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