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Pond Storage Model to Enhance Urban Water Resources, in Kabul City

Shir Mohammad Omid, June-ichiro Giorgos Tsutsumi, Mohammad Hassan Hassanyar, Ryo Nakamatsu

Abstract


The recent water reports shows that almost half of Kabul city settlements consume contaminated drinking water which displays perilous levels of chloride, fluoride, and harmful bacteria. The report further reveals that water samples whereas found to be rich in heavy ions and E coli, making the water unsafe for dinking, as research field I for chose the capital city of Afghanistan Kabul, as my research field since it is highly threatened by water scarcity.  This research focuses on the pond storage model as alternative to improve urban water resources in Kabul. It emphasizes on the growing and immediate need for clean water in Kabul city based on population growth and water scarcity. The text provides a brief introduction and data collected from the previous studies. Afghanistan is rich in water resources but poor in water infrastructure and management (2017, Zaryab. A, et al). The data were collected through questionnaires, site visits and reviewing international organisation reports. The researchers involve 120 households in answering the questionnaires, where they were asked about the quality, quantity, and accessibility of water in the city. The research suggests direct deflection from the river through intake channel to a highland pond and using solar energy, producing energy through supplying water by gravity to water net. Pond storage has been constructed in Okinawa prefecture of Japan, for multipurpose and successfully served the goals of the projects. In the same way, sustainability of the model is very high and adaptive for many parts in Kabul region especially in Panjshir River as an alternative model to enhancing water resources and generating power by its gravity force.

Keywords


Waster Scarcity, Alternative Resource, Pond, Kabul City, Surface Water, Power Generation,

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References


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