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Use of Cellulosic and Construction Waste for Manufacturing Bricks

Ma. Neftalí Rojas-Valencia, Hugo Quintero Navarro, Hugo Quintero Navarro, Constantino Gutiérrez-Palacios, Constantino Gutiérrez-Palacios, Juan Araiza-Aguilar, Juan Araiza-Aguilar, José Barrios Pérez, José Barrios Pérez, Hugo Nájera-Aguilar, Hugo Nájera-Aguilar, Rubén Gutiérrez-Hernández, Rubén Gutiérrez-Hernández

Abstract


The objective of this work was to evaluate the feasibility of using cellulosic waste from the paper and construction industry for manufacturing materials, such as bricks, for sustainable buildings. In this project bricks were manufactured with sludge from the paper industry, and construction waste (6.3 mm to fines, all-in-one) and lime, cement from a material bank. Physicochemical and microbiological tests were conducted on paper industry sludges to document the harmlessness of their handling. Subsequently, brick-making mixtures were designed. The specimens were subjected to compressive strength and initial and maximum absorption, erodibility tests according to the specifications of Mexican Standard. These tests showed that the most appropriate brick-making mixture consisted of sludge (with high concentrations of cellulosic waste) from the paper industry (5.5%), lime (7%), cement (7%) and construction waste (80.5%). The results showed a compressive strength of 5.6 MPa (57 kg/cm2), initial absorption of 6.3 g/min, maximum absorption value of 25% and erodibility of 0.85 cm which complies with the specifications of Mexican and international Standard. Sludge from paper industry plus construction waste represents 86% of the brick material, which is equivalent to 2.6 tons for one thousand bricks. This leads to a reduction in landfill space needed for their disposal, a decrease in transportation costs, a scaling down of natural resource exploitation, and the recycling of pulp and cellulosic waste, thus preventing air, soil and water pollution. This bricks are more economical than conventional bricks.


Keywords


Construction, Construction waste, Paper industry, Sludge.

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References


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