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Political Literacy as Correlate of Civic Consciousness Level of Senior Secondary School Students in Nsukka Education Zone, Enugu State, Nigeria

Nwaubani, Okechukwu. O (Ph.D), Linus Okechukwu Nwabuko (Ph.D), Bala jimoh ogu, Okeke, Jonas Nnalue, Sette, Doris Chinenye

Abstract


 

The study sought to determine the relationship between political literacy and civic consciousness level of secondary school students in Nsukka Education Zone, Enugu State, Nigeria. Correlational research design was adopted for the study. Three research questions and one null hypothesis (which was tested at 0.05 level of significance) guided the study. A sample of 450 senior secondary school students were selected from the population of 4,519 students using simple random and purposive sampling techniques. Data was collected using 40-item Political Literacy Test (PLT) and 15-item structured Questionnaire on civic consciousness level of students. The PLT items were drawn from SS2 civic education curriculum based on five political literacy concepts using teacher made table of specification. The instruments were further subjected to three stage validation processes to ensure face and content validity by three experts in the faculty of education University of Nigeria Nsukka. Reliability coefficient values of 0.71 and 0.91 respectively using Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient technique were obtained. Analysis was done using mean and standard deviation to answer research questions 1 and 2 while research 3 was answered using Pearson product moment correlation. Liner regression was used for testing the null hypothesis. Results indicated among others  that the political literacy level of senior secondary school students in Nsukka Education Zone was high. It also correspondingly showed that senior secondary school students have high civic consciousness level and that positive and significant relationship exist between the political literacy and civic consciousness levels of students respectively. It was recommended among others that governments and other relevant stakeholders should strengthen political literacy programmes for sustainable political and civic education of youth to enable them have deeper insights on how to improve democratic practices and governance in the present democratic dispensation in Nigeria.


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