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A Cross-cultural Study of the Construct of Creative Personality in Adolescents

Xiying Li, Wei Yu, Jiliang Shen, Weiping Hu, David Yun Dai, Heinz Neber, Ikuma Joji, Yinghe Chen

Abstract


Background: Since the 1950s, research on creative personality highlights three themes: individual differences among creative people, the construct of creative personality, and longitudinal studies of creative personality. However, that literature reveals little cross-cultural research, particularly comparing Asian and Western samples. Methods: We conducted a cross-cultural study of adolescent creative personality using the recently-developed Chinese Adolescents’ Creative Personality Inventory (CACPI), based on a three-factor (external, internal, self) latent variable model of creative personality, with 1416 adolescents from four countries (717 Chinese, 159 Japanese, 234 American, 306 German). Results: Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the three-factor model gave acceptable fits for adolescents from all four countries. ANOVA results on factor scores, however, indicated some differences among nationalities. Results are discussed in terms of collective vs. individualistic cultural influences on the development of creative personality. Conclusions: The three-factor model of the construct of creative personality, as measured by the CACPI, applies to individuals from western countries and eastern countries(China, Japan, Germany, American), with some differences appeared among the nationalities.


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