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18th Amendment Act and Federalism in Pakistan: Provincial Perspective

Zahir Shah, Manzoor Ahmad, Naveeda Yousaf


The 18th Constitutional Amendment brought about 36 percent changes in the original constitution of 1973 and total 102 Articles of the constitution were inserted, amended and substituted out of the 280.  So the structural contours have been redefined from the heavily centralized to the Federation of the decentralized. This paper analyzes the 18th Amendment Act to the constitution of 1973 of Pakistan. It also discusses the basic structure and federalism in Pakistan and the effects of 18th Amendment on the federation of Pakistan. The Paper also analyzes the concerns and perspectives of the provinces of Pakistan.


Federalism; 18th Amendment Act; the Constitution of 1973 of Pakistan; Provincialism; Challenges and prospects

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