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The Role of Environmental Structures on Archeological Settlements Landscape in Bishapur Archeological City-Iran

Bahrami B, Samani F. A. E.

Abstract


Iran is a mountainous territory that its morpho-tectonic features have been formed during the Tertiary- Quaternary Alpine Orogeny by collision of the Neotethys- an ocean between Eurasia- and Gondwanaland (Afro- Arabian sub-continent). The Iranian plateau is a high-land with several folded mountain ranges. Since ancient times, the morphology of Zagros Mountain with significant features has provided human inhabitants in valleys, intermountain plains and river banks. These archeological landscapes are a complex phenomenon resulting from both geomorphology and human social-cultural processes. Recognizing the interrelation between these structures and peoples guide the researchers to find the causes of destruction and also determines best practices for conservation. In this research, the interdisciplinary approaches including geology, botany, hydrology and hydrogeology, tectonics, history and etc. are examined to recognize the geomorphologic and environmental specifications of the Bishapur Plain and the role and influence of Mountain structures in forming Bishapur archeological city. To reach this goal, different satellite data have been processed on different scales for preparing information layers, followed by field investigations and environmental interpretations for more accuracy. According to the results, it is concluded that the characteristics of archeological landscape developed due to association and inter-relation between geologic environment, hydrogeology, and geomorphology to supply demands of ancient people for water, food, and natural guards where all were available in Bishapour settlement.


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