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Comparative Analysis of Mental Stress and Related Risk Factors among Newly Diagnosed Type- 2 Diabetic Patients

Hajra Ahmad, Zaheer Ahmed, Rezzan Khan, Asma Afreen

Abstract


Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of mental stress on physical and biochemical risk factors among Type-2 diabetic patients.

Materials and methods: It was a hospital based study in which 104 newly diagnosed Type-2 diabetic were enrolled through purposive sampling from diabetes clinic of Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan. The patients were assessed for socio demographic background, prevalence and severity of mental stress and its relationship with diabetic profile.  The status of mental stress was assessed with the help of a 6 point scale. The selected biochemical parameters included diabetic and lipid profile and some information related to renal and hepatic health. Socio- demographic data was collected with the help of a questionnaire.

Results: The study revealed that 97% of the subjects were suffering from some level of mental stress.  Body Mass Index (BMI) and hypertension were strongly associated with mental stress with P value of 0.032 and 0.036 respectively. A significant association was found between gender and mental stress with P value of 0.041. Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) levels had week association (P value of 0.619). The effect of mental stress on biochemical parameters related to diabetes was not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Majority of the Type- 2 diabetics suffer from varying levels of mental stress.  BMI, hypertension and gender are closely related with this problem. The association of diabetic profile and related biochemical parameters with mental stress was not statistically significant.  


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