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Comparison of Parenting Efficacy, Antenatal Stress, and Fatigue According To Depression, And Relationship with Depression among Primigravidas

Soon Jung Yoon, Hee Kyung Kim, Jung Sun Ann

Abstract


Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare the degree of parenting efficacy, antenatal stress, and fatigue according to depression of primigravida, and to reveal the relationship between them to provide basic data for future nursing intervention and depression research for primigravida. Methods: The study is a secondary data analysis study that conducted analysis utilizing primigravida data from data collected for <The Effect of Smartphone Addiction, Parenting Efficacy, Antenatal stress, and fatigue on Depression among Pregnant Women> by Yoon & Kim in 2015. The subjects were 108 primigravida patients who were waiting to receive prenatal care at M Women's Hospital in S city. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficients using SPSS Window 21.0 program. Results: The depression of primigravida varied according to age, education level, health condition satisfaction, and husband support satisfaction (p<.05), and there were differences in antenatal stress and fatigue according to the depression of primigravida (p<.001). Depression in primigravida and parenting efficacy, depression and antenatal stress, and depression and fatigue showed statistically significant correlations (p<.005). Conclusion: There was a difference in antenatal stress and fatigue according to whether depression was present in primigravida, and because antenatal stress and fatigue was higher with higher degree of depression, and it is necessary to provide emotional management for such things as depression and stress of primigravida and to provide nursing intervention so that fatigue does not increase physically. Depression should be managed in order to increase the parenting efficacy of primigravida.


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